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The History of Texas


Texas is one of the states that form the United States. Texas has a long history, although most of its earliest historical details are estimated since they were not recorded. This paper explores, in brief, the history of Texas from the pre-historic times to it current status.

Chronological studies have found that Texas was inhabited by different types of dinosaurs around 65 million years ago. Humans started immigrating to the region around 11,000 B.C. Farming in the area is believed to have started by 1,500 B.C. The current Buried City in Texas was build between 800 A.D., and 1,500 A.D. Caddo Confederacy began civilized agriculture during the 15th century. The recorded history of Texas started after the arrival of a Spanish explorer called Alonzo Alvarez de Pineda in 1519. By then, the Texas region was inhabited by the Native Americans such as Karankawas, Tonkawas, Comaches, and Caddo. The Spanish explorer mapped the Gulf Coast. Other Spanish explorers arrived later and started teaching Christianity to the locals. In 1980, Spaniards, who were fleeing from Isleta Pueblo during Popé's Rebellion (also called Pueblo Revolt), arrived in Texas and built a European base in El Paso.

Other Europeans continued to arrive in Texas, and in 1695, French explorers build a fort in South Texas, although the area was not given that name by then. The Spanish explorers felt that the French explorers were exerting more influence than them to the locals. In response, the Spanish explorers established missions since 1690 that aimed at teaching the locals civil law and Christianity and enhancing Spanish domination. 20 years later, the Spanish authorities established missions aimed at colonizing Texas. Spaniards also started settling in the region. By 1776, during the period of American Revolution, the Spanish influence extended from South Texas to New Mexico. Spain gave Texas independence in 1821, but it became part of Mexico.

The Mexican authorities allowed immigrations from the US and by 1834, there were more than 30,000 immigrants, while the Mexicans were around 7,800. Various issues that emerged after the Santa Anna's dissolution and the Constitution of 1824 led to the Texas Revolution, a war that was worn by Texas forces in 1836. Consequently, Texas became an independent nation called The Republic of Texas. In 1845, Texas joined the US and in 1861, it became part of the Confederate States of America. From 1850s, Texas underwent through American Civil War, a period during which the Whites enslaved the blacks. The enslavement ended later, and it was followed by the period of “Reconstruction.” However, the whites segregated the blacks until the implementation of the federal civil rights legislation in 1960s.

Economic activities were carried out in Texas since 1870s, including ranching, cotton farming, timber processing, and oil production. These economic activities have led to rapid growth of the economy of Texas until today. The population of the state of Texas has also been growing, and it has been the second-largest in the US since 1994. Politically, Texas was supporting Democratic Party before 2000, but it has been solidly behind the Republican Party since then.

In conclusion, Texas has a long history that dates back from prehistoric times. Although it was colonized by Spain, Texas has been claimed by different countries in different historical times. It has been claimed by Spain, Mexico, France, the Republic of Texas, the Confederation of States of American and the US. In short, the current status of Texas is highly influenced by its history.

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